However, what made this settlement, known as Ai-Khanoum (‘Lady Moon’ in Uzbek), special was the fact that it would not have looked out of. The Spatial Organization of Ai Khanoum, a Greek. City in Afghanistan. LAuriAnne MArTinez-Sève. ArTiCLe. Abstract. The excavations of the Greek settlement of. The ruins of an ancient fortified city close to the village of Ai Khanum / Ai Khanoum in northern Afghanistan (and east of the city of Balkh) are thought to be the.

Author: Dugar Akinokinos
Country: Moldova, Republic of
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 20 December 2011
Pages: 286
PDF File Size: 12.41 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.98 Mb
ISBN: 220-4-82017-187-2
Downloads: 90618
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Nikokinos

The Cineas mentioned has a Thessalian name.

The precepts were placed by a Greek named Clearchos, who may or may not have been Clearchus of Soli the disciple of Jhanoum[6] who, according to the same inscription, had copied them from Delphi:. Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

The Greeks in the East: China Sugd Uzbekistan Sugd Tajikistan 3. The coins found in Ai-Khanoum start with those of Seleucusbut end abruptly with those of Eucratidessuggesting that the city was conquered at the end of his rule.

Excavation of the ruins have unearthed several artefacts, and one of particular note is a plate that appears to depict Zoroastrian and Mithraic imagery in a Greek manner. This page was last khanlum on 4 Decemberat Winged antefixa type only known from Ai-Khanoum. Ai-Khanoum also yielded unique Greco-Bactrian coins of Agathoclesconsisting of six Indian-standard silver drachms depicting Hindu deities.

Retrieved from ” https: The discovery of Ai-Khanoum also gives a new perspective on the influence of Greek culture in the East, and reaffirms the influence of the Greeks on the development of Greco-Buddhist art. Kabul Shahi — Principality of Chaghaniyan 7th—8th centuries Rashidun Caliphate — Umayyads — Abbasids — Tahirids — Saffarids — Samanids — Ghaznavids — Ghurids before — Seljuks — Khwarezmids — Khanou — Ilkhanate — Chagatai Khanate — Khaljis — Karts ak Timurids — Arghuns — Eschatology Death Ceremonies Methods.


Ai-Khanoum – Wikipedia

Ai-Khanoum may have been the city in which Eucratides was besieged by Demetriusbefore he successfully managed to escape to ultimately conquer India Justin. To the right of the plate is what appears to be a Zoroastrian fire altar.

Were Ancient Zoroastrians Vegetarian? Mineral resources were abundant in the back country towards the Hindu Kushespecially the famous so-called ” rubies ” actually, spinel from Badakshanand gold.

Author: K. E. Eduljee

Several Indian artefacts were found among the archaeological remains of Ai-Khanoum, especially a narrative plate made of shell inlaid with various materials and colors, thought to represent the Indian myth of Kuntala. One branch of the ancient Aryan trade roads, the Silk Roads, passed beside the city and this allowed the city to control the lapis lazuli and other precious stones trade. Media Babylon Persia Rawlinson: Ai Khanum is about 2 km long and m wide and was excavated by French archaeologists.

An almost life-sized dark green glass phallus with a small owl on the back side and other treasures are said to have been discovered at Ai-Khanoum, possibly along with a stone with an inscription, which was not recovered. American Journal of Archaeology The findings are of considerable importance, as no remains of the Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek civilizations had been uncovered in the East beyond the abundant coinage until this discovery, which led some to speak of a “Bactrian mirage.

Kanoum University Press, The Battle of the Arius. Atash Bahram Modern Temples: This suggests important trade contacts with the Mediterranean, through long and expensive land routes. Three years later, a group of French archaeologists led by Paul Khanouk began excavating the site.

A more likely candidate is Kampyr Tepe in Uzbekistan. Location of the Dashly Sites. Views Read Edit View history.



Indeed, almost as soon as Antiochus and his army departed for aj west, the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom reestablished its independence. In addition, the entire site was littered with Greek-style sculptures and artwork, including column capitals carved in the Corinthian style. In addition to its interaction with the Indian subcontinent, the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom as a whole would eventually come to develop increasing contacts with a power even further to the East: The most famous of these cities was the first Alexandria, located in Egypt and destined to become the greatest city in the ancient world.

Various sculptural fragments were also found, in a rather conventional, classical style, rather impervious to the Hellenizing innovations occurring at the same time in the Mediterranean world.

Islamic Khhanoum of Afghanistan. However, this was not to last. Gargoyle from a fountain. The new Alexandrian library is on my list! Among the finds are Greek and Indian coins, several inscriptions, sundials, jewelry, a famous silver disk showing the Phrygian goddess Cybelethe Greek god Helios, and an Iranian fire altar.

Perhaps, this city was identical to Ai Khanum in Afghanistan. These are the first known representations of Vedic deities on coins, and they display early Avatars of Vishnu: Ancient Civilizations from Scythia to Siberia”. The city became rich because it controlled the trade in lapis lazuli, but it was also situated on the Silk road.

Architectural antefixae with Hellenistic ” Flame palmette ” design, Ai-Khanoum. History of the Parsis pdf Framjee: In the late 4th Century BCE, the great Persian Empire was toppled by the young Khamoum king, initiating a remarkable cultural diaspora.