tall tropical American timber tree especially abundant in eastern Brazil; yields hard strong durable zebrawood with straight grain and dark strips on a pinkish to . Gonçalo Alves ou Gonçaleiro (Astronium fraxinifolium) Família Anacardiaceae. Árvore rústica de médio porte, comum em várias regiões, ás vezes chamada de. PDF | Essential oils produced from leaves of Astronium fraxinifolium Schott. harvested at four different stages of maturity have been analyzed by GC/MS.

Author: Narn Yozshutaxe
Country: Lithuania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Spiritual
Published (Last): 7 March 2006
Pages: 239
PDF File Size: 20.75 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.92 Mb
ISBN: 119-8-12257-886-9
Downloads: 3671
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Braktilar

Treatment with the Essential Oil of P. On the other hand, all the ethanolic extracts from bark, sapwood, and leaves from A. Parasites The strain of L. For each experiment, cells were removed from the culture medium and incubated with 0. The ethanolic extracts of the bark, sapwood, and leaves of A.

BioMed Research International

View at Google Scholar A. Last update on The parasites were counted in a Neubauer chamber. Hamsters treated with 15 daily doses of the plant material showed a profile of lesion thickness similar to those treated with Glucantime, much lower than that observed in the untreated animals Figure 5.

For the test treatment, two protocols were used. The treatment fraxinifoluum initiated when the lesions appeared about the 20th day after infection. No inflammation was found in the uninfected animals treated with the plant material. Statistical Analysis The data relating to the parasite load were analyzed using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test.


Increased incidence of resistance to the drug has been described [ 8 ].

Lesion thickness of hamster footpad infected with 10 6 promastigotes of Leishmania braziliensis. Several studies have been done in order to evaluate antileishmanicidal activity of ffaxinifolium plants [ 1718 ]. For the in vitro tests, essential oil of P.

The major component of the essential oil was carvacrol.

Sierra Romero, and Z. The animals were treated with leaf ethanolic extract from Astronium fraxinifolium EEF. As it was shown in our previous study [ 26 ], the major component in essential oil obtained from P.

The animals showed a significant reduction of lesion thickness in the 6th week, but it was not comparable to the animals treated with Glucantime. Fraxlnifolium the 7th week of fraxinifollium, the lesion thickness in the group treated with the plant material was below the limit of normal thickness. The authors declare that there is fraxinifplium conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper. Leishmaniasis is a disease that affects human beings and animals and is caused by the protozoa parasite of the genus Leishmania which is transmitted by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sandflies and displays a spectrum of manifestations which goes from cutaneous involvement CL with late destruction of mucous membranes to generalized systemic visceral disease VL with fatal outcome if not treated [ 1 ].


Assays were performed in triplicate. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Treatment with Ethanolic Extracts of Leaves from A.

Astronium fraxinifolium – Dictionary Definition :

In vitro antileishmanial activity of essential oil of P. Treatment was done by administering OEPA intralesionally i. In vitro results showed that both essential oil of P. It is popularly used in the treatment of various diseases including skin, digestive tracts, urogenital, respiratory disorders, infections, and pain [ 22 ]. Brazil has reported 23, CLcases in [ 4 ]. This reveals a new challenge in terms of ftaxinifolium of the fraxinifoliuj in immunocompromised individuals.

The parasites were fixed in formaldehyde, stained with Trypan blue and visualized at light microscope at x magnification. No difference was found in lesion thickness when those animals were compared with the untreated animals. Not for the casual reader. HIV-positive individuals are probably at high risk of developing cutaneous leishmaniasis [ 9 ] probably at more severe forms of the disease.