For more than 2 decades beginning in , University of Vienna anatomist Eduard Pernkopf labored on his anatomical atlas, which he published as the. The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: an anatomical atlas. As countless others have remarked since their publication over Results 1 – 12 of 35 Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 2: Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities (v. 2). Oct 1, by Eduard Pernkopf and.

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University of South Africa.

The precise origins of the cadavers used in Pernkopf’s work are unknown, but evidence suggests they may have been victims of political terror. A physician at St.

What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?

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Retrieved November 25, The project confirmed that at least 1, bodies of executed persons were delivered to the University during the Nazi times and its usage cannot be excluded from at least images of the atlas. Sunday Times May Since then physicians have discussed whether it is ethical to use the atlas as it resulted from Nazi medical research. The abilities of the young physician were noted by Ferdinand Hochstetterdirector of the anatomical institute in Vienna, who soon became a father figure for Pernkopf.

Its classic status and significant contribution to the health professions remains unchallenged. The group has become increasingly influential over the years in developing common policies for the more than journals that currently adhere to their standards. The Visible Human Male is, after all, a rather heroic, perhaps even a noble, figure.


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Of the respondents, five libraries had been questioned about the atlas by faculty, students, or library users. Views Read Edit View history.

Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. Almost all responding institutions held at least one edition of the Pernkopf atlas.

Inthe group revised its standards on ethics in clinical research to include a statement on the protection of patient rights to privacy without informed consent [ 43 ].

Nazi Origins of an Anatomy Text: The Pernkopf Atlas | JAMA | JAMA Network

Howard Israel, an oral surgeon at Columbia Universityrevealed that the subject bodies may have in some cases been those of executed political prisoners. Erich Lepier, Franze Batke, and Karl Endtresser demonstrated their allegiance to Nazi ideology by signing their anatomic paintings with Nazi icons.

Investigations of anatomical science in Vienna — Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. Destruction of, or failure to use this asset does nothing to decrease the chances that such abuses altas not recur.

On July 3,he stabbed and shotgunned to death a seventy-five-year-old man, who surprised him during a robbery.

It was, however, at that time impossible either pernkpf prove this conclusively or conclusively identify the subjects and whether they included Jewish victims. A plate from the atlas depicting the lungs and their blood vessels.

Herein lies the paradox of the Pernkopf Atlas, as a legacy of the Third Reich: Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. Although never charged with war crimes, Pernkopf spent three years in an Allied prison camp near Salzburg after the war.


The experience left him drained and exhausted when he returned pernkopff Vienna after his release, hoping to continue his work on the atlas.

Within weeks, the university had removed all Jews and other opponents of Nazism; of the members of the faculty of medicine were dismissed. What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas? For example, Abraham Atlsa, national director of the Anti-Defamation League, said that the research findings of heinous crimes or atrocities should not be used, even pernkopr it would do good, because it would retrospectively cleanse the atrocity and possibly justify similar acts in the future [ 22 ].

They are reluctant to accept responsibility for evaluating the ethics of a study, assuming that evaluation was done at the institution where the work was done. Although he was ultimately never charged with any crimes, he was required to do regular hard labor throughout his imprisonment.

Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. It was on this basis that medical libraries across the United States retain their copies of the Pernkopf atlas. It detailed Pernkopf’s administrative and political activities and described his professional work on the publication of an anatomic atlas.