Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition when pain occurs due to transposition of a loop of large intestine (usually transverse colon) in between the diaphragm. Chilaiditi syndrome is the anterior interposition of the colon to the liver reaching the under-surface of the right hemidiaphragm with associated upper abdominal. Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition occurring in % to % of the population. In these patients, the colon is displaced and caught.

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Subscribe to Table of Contents Alerts. Abdomen was chilaidifi, non-tender, encroachment on normal hepatic dullness, no ascites, intestinal sounds were heard well.

The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD. Thus, bowel decompression documented by a follow-up radiograph can confirm syndromf the diagnosis of the condition and the success of the therapy, by showing the disappearance of sub diaphragmatic air and repositioning of distended intestine back to the normal position beneath the liver.

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With regard to treatment of Chilaiditi syndrome, conservative management bed rest, intravenous fluids, nasogastric decompression, enemas, cathartics, high fiber diet, and stool softeners should be attempted first [ 1 ].


Men are four times more likely than women to develop Chilaiditi syndrome [ 3 ].

Acute Abdominal Pain Secondary to Chilaiditi Syndrome

If the patient is symptomatic, treatment is usually conservative. In most instances, the hallmark of therapy is conservative and stndrome of bed-rest, fluid supplementation, nasogastric decompression, enemas, high-fiber diets and stool softeners [ 12 ]. However, variations in normal anatomy can lead to the pathologic interposition of the colon.

Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare condition occurring in 0.

Chilaiditi Syndrome

Chilaiditi’s syndrome can cause a variety of symptoms including abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and small bowel obstruction.

Gastrointestinal tract Goodsall’s rule Chilaiditi syndrome intussusception: During the course of her hospital stay, her abdominal pain resolved without surgical intervention.

Chilaiditi syndrome complicated by cecal perforation. We hereby present a rare case of a year-old Omani male patient who was referred to us while admitted in Coronary Care Unit as a case of myocardial Infarction.

Rare Disease Database

Transverse colon volvulus and Chilaiditi syndrome: View large Download slide. Chilaiditi is a rarely considered differential diagnosis with vague symptoms that make diagnosis difficult. On physical examination, the cardiovascular and respiratory exams were cbilaiditi. Ansari H, Lay J. Features that suggest a Chilaiditi syndrome i.

Viscerohepatodiaphragmatic interposition Chilaiditi’s syndrome in a child. Abdominal pain may be mild and come and go intermittent. CT view demonstrate a loop of colon interpositioned between the liver and right hemidiaphragm. Standard Therapies Treatment The treatment of Chilaiditi’s syndrome is directed toward the specific symptoms that are apparent in each individual.


Chilaiditi Syndrome

It is more common in older adults, but can occur at any age and has been reported in children. The appropriate surgical approach depends on chllaiditi nature of the interposed segment of the colon. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In summary, abdominal pain with subphrenic free air does not always indicate surgical emergency.

Although the first description of interposition of colon between chilaidkti liver and the right hemidiaphragm was published by Cantini in 4.

It is important to identify Chilaiditi sign chilsiditi order to prevent complications from occurring during a percutaneous transhepatic procedure or liver biopsy, particularly in cirrhotic patients, who are predisposed to development of Chilaiditi sign. Peritonitis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Hemoperitoneum Pneumoperitoneum. Peritoneum Blumberg sign Rigler’s sign Cupola sign.

In addition, Chilaiditi syndrome has been linked with pulmonary and gastrointestinal malignancies [ 4 ]. Initially believed to be biliary colic or musculoskeletal pain, the patient was found to have Chilaiditi syndrome diagnosed by CT scan.

Citing articles via Web of Science 1.