Costus afer is an evergreen Perennial growing to 4 m (13ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Suitable. The stem, seeds and rhizome contain several steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is the most important one. The rhizome yields % diosgenin. Costus afer is commonly used as a medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa. An infusion of the inflorescence is taken to treat tachycardia. The same infusion or.
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Alpha-glucosidase located in the mucosal brush border of the small intestine then degrades the oligosaccharides to glucose which is absorbed into the bloodstream [ 5 ]. Acute toxicity No death was recorded at all the doses. afeer
The rhizome is occasionally used as a spice or flavouring. Subchronic toxicity testing was conducted according to World Health Organization and Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development guidelines.
The decoction of the stem or powdered fruits is used as cough medicine. View at Google Scholar L. Volume 5, Families S—Z, Addenda.
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It bears white and yellow flowers. Handbook of Medicinal Plants; pp. View at Google Scholar J. Williams – Costa Rica Costus subbiflorus K.
The organ weights were taken. Effect on the aqueous leave extract of Costus afer on percentage weight again. The IC 50 values of the tested extracts costtus lower for methanol rhizome extract 0. Rhizome pulp is applied to abscesses, ulcers and Guinea worm to mature them.
Costus afer Spiral Ginger, Ginger lily, White spiral costus. PFAF Plant Database
Costus afer and Costus lucanusianus J. Widmann’s Clinical Interpretation of Laboratory Test; pp. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Poulsen – Uganda Costus fortalezae K. The substrate solution p-nitrophenyl glucopyranoside pNPG was prepared in distilled water. Costus afer is found in the forest belt from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to Tanzania, Malawi and Angola.
Evaluation of acute toxicities of leaf extract of Caesalpinia bonducella L. A new phylogeny-based generic classification of Costaceae Zingiberales. Ibarra – Veracruz Costus dubius Afzel. Tong – TibetYunnan Costus oligophyllus K.
In the present study, the extract induced hepatic damage to the liver, whereas the kidney was not affected as revealed by the results of blood chemistry analysis.
Durand – C Africa Costus dinklagei K. In West Africa Costus afer is used as a fodder for small ruminants and poultry and the leaves serve as a feed for snails. The kidney of the control group was normal showing numerous renal tubules and interstitial tissues. Niger J Pure Appl Sci.
Differences of were considered statistically significant. Journal of Ethnopharmacology These inhibitory properties may be partially due to alkaloids and sesquiterpenes that were absent in the less active rhizome methanolic extract.
Seeds black, with aril. Distribution of bioactive components in the different parts of Costus afer. Nephrotoxicity is a major complication characterized by morphological destruction of intracellular organelles and cellular necrosis, followed by functional alterations including the depletion of the antioxidant defense system and mitochondrial damage.
The rhizome yields 0. Whole blood was obtained from ocular orbit vein from each of the rats, collected into heparinized bottles and the blood samples plasma were analyzed for the activity of the biochemical parameters of the kidney renal function tests and liver liver function tests. Increased blood creatinine is a good indicator of compromised kidney function. Going by the result obtained in this present study, there is an indication of C.
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Phytochemical screening revealed that, with exception of the methanol stem and leaves extracts, anthocyanin, anthraquinones, and tannins were absent in the other extracts. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Antioxidant capacity of 55 medicinal herbs traditionally used to treat the urinary system: A rhizome vostus or the raw rhizome is taken to treat leprosy and venereal ocstus ]. In Cameroon Costus afer is a host of the African root and tuber scale Stictococcus veyssierei.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Costus afer
The debarked stem is chewed to alleviate nausea and quench thirst[ 46]. Support Center Support Center. Delay of castor oil diarrhoea in rats: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; A tissue and urinary biomarker for nephrotoxicant-induced renal injury. The rhizomes of Costus costue yield 0.