Title, Fortalitium fidei. Biblioteca Digital Dioscórides · Incunables (Biblioteca Histórica UCM). Author, Alfonso de la Espina. Publisher, Antonius Koberger, “Fortalitium fidei” is often credited as a precursor to Western demonology and witchcraft lore, but that isn’t the scariest part of this work. Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the public and we .

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This page was last edited on 31 Decemberat Monday, December 31, In this last book the author dwells at length upon the rortalitium and their hatred of men; the powers they have fivei men and the diminution of these powers, owing to the victory of Christ on the Cross, the final condition of the demonsetc.

Spanish Franciscandate of birth unknown; died about De Espina writes about assemblies of women in southern France who were burnt — the earliest printed reference to the burning of accused witches.

In The Catholic Encyclopedia. The first fortalihium was issued about ; the edition published at Nuremberg in begins thus:. Joseph Glanvil was an English clergyman and philosopher. The fact that the Fortalitium appeared anonymously gave rise to some difference of opinion as to its authorship.

Ashley says that Alphonso de Spina is quoted as stating that the total number of angels who sided with Lucifer’s revolt was ,, a figure, Ashley remarks, so precise that one hardly knows what to say; he adds that the Book of Enoch puts the number at It is divided into five books, the first directed against those who deny the Divinity of Christthe second against hereticsthe third against the Jewsand the fourth against the Mohammedanswhile the fifth book treats of the battle to be waged against the Gates of Hell.

Recent scholarship suggests that Alphonso was not a converted Jew or converso. He was the author of Fortalitium Fideia treatise on arguments to be used to oppose detractors of Catholicism. De Espina classifies demons into 10 categories including goblins, incubi and fortalihium, and demons that specifically target old women. As appears from the text, this work was written inbut it was added to by the author at different times up to the year Deep in the cool, dry basement of Goldfarb Library, firtalitium of death mingle with witches, demons and the devil.


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About this page APA citation. However, most modern scholars attribute it to Alfonso de Spina [ citation needed ]. The Fortalitium Fidei is a treatise on various types of arguments to be used by tortalitium and others to oppose detractors of Catholicism.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company, De Espina, who some scholars believe to be a Christian convert, called for the expulsion of all Jews and Muslims from Spain.

Fortalitium fidei

Retrieved from ” https: It is divided into five [2] books: Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. He was a man of great learning and attained considerable renown as a preacher, but his chief title to fame is the work entitled “Fortalitium Fidei” which Mariana lib.

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The reason why the work is included in the “Scriptores O. The “Fortalitium Fidei” deals with the different kinds of armour to be used by preachers and others in their warfare against the enemies of the Christian religion.

Regrettably, I can’t reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. The first edition was issued about ; the edition published at Nuremberg in begins thus: Alphonso de Spina unknown date of birth — in or about was a Spanish Franciscan Catholic Bishoppreacher and writer.

My email address is webmaster at newadvent. This article was transcribed for New Advent by Douglas J.


By Leah Burrows Oct. For Glanvil, and many others at the time, belief in the supernatural was an argument against atheism. As a member of the Royal Society of London, the oldest scientific body in the world, Glanvil was a strong supporter of both empirical research and the supernatural. Less than a decade later, the Inquisition was established, during which scholars estimate hundreds of thousands of people were killed.


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Fortalitium fidei, contra Iudaeos, Sarracenos et alios Christianae fidei inimicos – Brill Reference

The Archives house hundreds of volumes and precious artifacts, including the death masks of the Italian American anarchists Ferdinando Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. Alphonso de Espina, best known as one of the harbingers of the Spanish Inquisition, published the first printed book to contain references to witchcraft.

Although long interested in the supernatural, Scott was profoundly skeptical of it, and foryalitium letters express sympathy fortalirium outrage for the men and women of the previous century accused of witchcraft and executed. Suggest a Story Email: Thought by many to be a convert from JudaismAlphonso de Spina was for many years superior of the House of Studies of the Friars Minor at Salamancaand in was created Bishop of Thermopylae in Greece. The Fortalitium was written inbut it was added to by de Spina at different times up to the year In the latter half of the 17th century, the cognoscenti were struggling to reconcile new approaches to science and religious thought.

Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Views Read Edit View history. Glanvil personally investigated a popular poltergeist, known as the Drummer of Tedworth, and collected other stories of witchcraft from around the country.

Alphonso de Spina

Humanities and Social SciencesResearch. By the late 19th century, the zealotry of witch hunts had faded, though pockets of superstition remained.

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