Jean François Niceron () was a catholic friar^, mathematician, and an artist with a passion for investigating perspective. He was a. La Perspective Curieuse Du Reverend P. Niceron Minime: Divise’e En Quatre Livres () (French Edition) by Jean Francois Niceron and Marin Mersenne . NICERON, JEAN-FRANçOIS(b. Paris, France, d. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September )geometrical optics. Source for information on Niceron.

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Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne in French. Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae:: Here Niceron abandoned any effort at general treatment and concentrated instead on constructing an optical device consisting of a polyhedral lens that gathers elements of one figure and unites them into another, totally different figure.

Tuesday, August 21, Curious Perspectives. First published in with 25 plates, Niceron’s work was enlarged by Roberval and republished inalong with the first edition, posthumously published, of nceron scholarly work on optics and catoptrics by Mersenne — Book three discusses nicefon explains the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors.

Plane anamorphosis by Jean Francois Niceron, 1638.

The edition online via Google ebooks is perhaps the easiest site in which to jeaj all the plates francoia thumbnail form. Intent on finding a scientific solution to the problems presented by perspectiveNiceron worked out the geometric algorithms for producing anamorphic art and inat the age of 25, published a treatise titled La perspective curieuse, ou magie artificielle des effets merveilleux roughly translated as “The curious perspective or artificial magic of marvelous effects”.

As a number of scientific societies formed in the early s, Niceron became a member of the Circle of Mersenne, which was named after his mentorFather Marin Mersenne. Niceron was also an artist, with a particular interest in the use of anamorphosis in religious art. Retrieved 30 April While in Italy in —, Niceron measured the declination of the magnetic compass in Ligurno, Rome, and Florence.


Book III discusses the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors. Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. So I’m happy enough to copy a couple of chunks from the Wikipedia articles because they’re not bad as light subject overviews. The prehistoric cave paintings at Lascaux may also possess this technique because the oblique angles of the cave would otherwise result in distorted figures from a viewer’s perspective.

It contained the first published reference to Descartes’s derivation of the law of refraction. Sympathetic to the natural magic still current in francoks time, he tended to view optics as the art of illusion rather than the science of light.

He was a native of Paris but travelled widely in Europe and was awarded a professorship in Rome.

Jan Dibbets conceptual works, the so-called “perspective corrections” are examples of “linear” anamorphoses. These relationships francoiz the academic world helped him stay up to date with intellectual advancements. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. The frequent travels required by the latter post weakened his already frail health, and he died at the age of thirty-three while visiting Aix. There is a LOT to be plumbed in the back pages of BibliOdyssey, particularly among the links at the ends of site entries like here!

He attempted to franckis this theoretical knowledge to the anamorphic paintings and murals that he was producing and he published his first book on the subject when he was 25 years old ‘Thaumaturgus Opticus’.

Niceron, Jean-François |

In the late 20th Century, mirror anamorphosis was revived as children’s toys and games. La perspective curieusea richly illustrated manual on perspective, revealed for the first time the secrets of anamorphosis and trompe l’oeil. Francios number of editions were released from the s to the s that varied the amount of text from the first edition.


Geometric Perspective and, no doubt, others I’m forgetting. They also incorporated works by other authors. Inat the age of nineteen, he joined the Order of Minims. In the 20th century some frzncois wanted to renew the technique of anamorphosis.

Jean François Niceron

Dynamic Geometry Software by Adrian Oldknow. The publication also associates the illusory effects of optics with a contemporary acceptance of natural magic or proto-science. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September geometrical jjean.

It concentrates primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics and dioptrics. Views Read Edit View history. They used to have the only version of Niceron’s book on the web search his name from here.

Museo Galileo – Jean-François Niceron

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Niceron showed, for example, how to construct on the interior surface of a cone a distorted image which, when viewed end on through the base, appears in proper proportion. Ignazio in Rome, painted by Andrea Pozzo, represented the pinnacle of illusion. From to he collaborated with a group of scientists in Rome including Magiotti, Baliani, Kircher, Ricci, and Maignan in conducting experiments suggested by the work of Galileo.

He died in in Aix-en-Provenceaged Niceron was sympathetic to the idea that optics was as much an art of illusion as it was a science of the properties of light. Modern Language Association http: